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An Overview of Chemical Imbalance

What is a Chemical Imbalance?

A person’s brain is a network of billions of nerve cells called neurons which communicate with one another to create cognitive [thought], affective [emotional] and behavioral responses. This process would not be possible without neurotransmitters, naturally occurring chemicals in the brain that are the key to cell-to-cell communication. Since this process is normally perfectly fine-tuned, any dysregulation may lead to changes in thinking, moods and your ability to function.

The term chemical imbalance is commonly used to define an irregularity that may exist in the production, absorption or reabsorption (reuptake) of neurotransmitters like Serotonin, Norepinephrine, Dopamine and GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric Acid). However, recent studies completed during the last decade indicate that the definition of a chemical imbalance should also encompass a variety of other natural chemicals, including vitamins, minerals, and amino acids which are essential to neurotransmitter synthesis.

According to the National Institue of Mental Health, chemical imbalances have been implicated in an array of emotional disturbances, like anxiety, panic attacks, depression and ADHD.

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