What is Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)?
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) should not be confused
with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). According to the DSM-IV-R, people
with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) are characterized by
a preoccupation with details, lists, rules, orderliness, perfectionism, and
mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility and openness.
OCPD typically manifests in early childhood. People with OCPD don’t
usually participate in rituals like people with OCD. People with OCPD are
often obsessed with being perfect in their professional and personal lives.
They tend to keep their emotions and behavior highly controlled, and for
this reason they appear cold and aloof to others.
Although people with OCD often have features of OCPD, only about 6-25% actually
have full-blown OCPD. The main difference between OCD and OCPD lies in the
degree of life-impairment. People with OCD suffer from their problem and
want to be rid of it. People with OCPD, on the other hand, feel that the
way they run their lives is correct and that they are surrounded by people
living the “wrong” kind of life. OCPD is often noticed first
by family members or friends; often people with OPCD don’t think they
have a problem. For this reason, it is extremely difficult to treat and it
causes a lot of distress in relationships.