Mood Swings Frequently Asked Questions
Is it normal for a person to have mood swings?
It is completely normal to experience mood swings. Part of being human is
the wide range of emotions that one can experience. However, when mood swings
dominate a person’s life, he or she may feel overwhelmed and desire
more stability. Therapy and medication can be used to treat severe mood swings.
Are mood swings the same as Bipolar Disorder or Manic Depression?
No. Mood swings are not as severe, nor do they last as long as the depressed
and manic states of Bipolar Disorder or Manic Depression.
What causes mood swings?
While it is difficult to pinpoint one specific cause of mood swings, researchers
have proposed several options, including chemical imbalances and hormonal
Most modern research indicates that mood disorder may be caused by a chemical
imbalance in the brain. The experience of feelings such as happiness, stress,
fear, depression or anxiety, occur when the brain releases chemicals called
neurotransmitters. It is the release and re-absorption of these neurotransmitters
that affect how a person feels. People who experience mood swings might have
an imbalance of the neurotransmitters serotonin, norepenephrine, GABA and
dopamine. There are medicines and therapy techniques available that are designed
to help establish a balance of the release, reuptake and absorption of these
Some women experience hormonal mood swings during or after pregnancy or
with their menstrual cycles. Teenagers often experience mood swings after
the introduction of sex hormones during puberty. Often, the mood swings are
alleviated once the hormone levels have returned to normal.